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Did Yeshua Fulfill the Messianic Expectation as Prophesied in the Hebrew Scriptures?

I remember reading some astonishing facts published by mathematician Peter Stoner about the probabilities of any one person fulfilling even a small number of the biblical prophecies concerning the Messiah—they were mind boggling. The chance of one single man fulfilling only 48 Messianic prophecies found in the Tanakh (Old Testament) would be 1 in 10^157*—to understand, that would be like the chance of finding, on the very first attempt, one specific electron out of all of the electrons in all the known mass of the entire universe!  *1 followed by 157 zeros.

Yeshua however, fulfilled not just 48 Messianic prophecies—He fulfilled more than 324 individual prophecies that the Prophets wrote concerning the Messiah! Math not being my gift, the first calculation was amazing enough for me. To extrapolate the mathematical probability of the 324 prophecies being fulfilled by any ONE MAN must be a number beyond comprehension for anyone! Although I already “knew that I knew that I knew” that Yeshua was the Messiah of Israel, this little mathematical study was another powerful confirmation.

To the Jewish People, this is more than a matter of random interest. The Messiah has been prophesied in Scripture with great specificity, though sometimes hidden and sometimes allegorical and poetic—beginning with Genesis 3:15 . . .

Following is a list of important Messianic prophecies that were fulfilled by Yeshua with their corresponding New Testament references:

  • Messiah is to be born in Bethlehem
    Micah 5:2; fulfilled in Matt. 2:1-7; John 7:42; Luke 2:4-7
  • Messiah is to be preceded by a Messenger 

    Isaiah 40:3; Malachi 3:1; fulfilled in Matthew 3:1-3; 11:10; John 1:23; Luke 1:17
  • Messiah is to enter Jerusalem on a donkey 

    Zechariah 9:9; fulfilled in Luke 35-37; Matthew 21:6-11
  • Messiah is to be betrayed by a friend 

    Psalms 41:9; 55:12-14; fulfilled in Matthew 10:4; 26:49-50; John 13:21
  • Messiah is to be sold for 30 pieces of silver 

    Zechariah 11:12; fulfilled in Matthew 26:15; 27:3
  • The money for which Messiah is sold is to be thrown “to the potter” in God’s house

    Zechariah 11:13; fulfilled in Matthew 27:5-7
  • Messiah is to be born of a virgin 

    Isaiah 7:14; fulfilled in Matthew 1:18-2:1; Luke 1:26-35
  • Messiah is to be hated without cause

    Isaiah 49:7; Psalm 69:5; fulfilled in John 15:24-25
  • Messiah is to be silent before His accusers 

    Isaiah 53:7; fulfilled in Matthew 27:12
  • Messiah is to be executed by crucifixion, by having His hands and feet pierced 

    Psalm 22:16; fulfilled in John 19:28
  • Messiah is to be given vinegar to quench His thirst
    Psalm 69:22; fulfilled in Matthew 27:34
  • Messiah is to be executed without having a bone broken
    Exodus 12:46; Psalm 34:21; fulfilled in John 19:33-36
  • Messiah is to be buried with the rich when dead
    Isaiah 53:9; fulfilled in Matthew 27:57-60
  • Messiah is to be raised from the dead
    Isaiah 53:9-10; Psalm 2:7; 16:10; fulfilled in Matthew 28:1-20; Acts 2:23-36;13;33-37; 1 Corinthians 11:4-6
  • Messiah is to be executed by crucifixion as a thief Psalm 22:16; Zechariah 12:10; Isaiah 53:5, 12; fulfilled in Luke 23:33; John 20:25; Matthew 27:38; Mark 5:27, 28

In his book, Science Speaks, mathematician Peter Stoner says that by applying the modern science of probability to just eight of these prophecies, “. . . We find that the chance that any man might have lived to the present time and fulfilled all eight prophecies is 1 in 10^17.” That would be one in 100,000,000,000,000,000. In order to comprehend this staggering probability, Stoner illustrates:

“ . . . we take 10^17 silver dollars and lay them on the face of Texas. They will cover the state two feet deep. Now mark one of these silver dollars and stir the whole mass thoroughly. Blindfold a man and tell him that he must pick up one silver dollar and say that this is the right one. What chance would he have of getting the right one? Just the same chance that the prophets would have had of writing just eight prophecies and having them all come true in any one man, from their day to the present time, providing they wrote in their own wisdom.

“Now these prophecies were either given by inspiration of God or the prophets just wrote them as they thought they should be. In such a case the prophets had just one chance in 10^17 of having them come true in any man, but they all came true in Christ [Mashiach].

“This means that the fulfillment of just eight prophecies alone proves that God inspired the writing of those [eight] prophecies to a definiteness which lacks only one chance in 10^17 of being absolute.”


1 Stoner, Peter W. Science Speaks. Chicago: Moody Press, 1963, pp 100-107

Yeshua said to them, “This is what I meant when I was still with you and told you that everything written about me in the Torah of Moshe, the Prophets and the Psalms had to be fulfilled.” Then he opened their minds, so that they could understand the Tenakh, telling them, “Here is what it says: the Messiah is to suffer and to rise from the dead on the third day; and in his name repentance leading to forgiveness of sins is to be proclaimed to people from all nations, starting with Yerushalyim.” Luke 24:44-47 CJB

Many learned Jewish men and women have come to faith in the last 40 years simply by reading their Tenakh. Some were reading through to equip themselves to dispute a child that had come to believe in Yeshua (Jesus), which was a very shocking and horrifying concept to them. In studying the Messianic prophecies, they found Mashiach! Some, like Sharon Allen, were Orthodox and did not surrender easily to the authority of the Scriptures, but sought the help of Orthodox Jewish Rabbis and Leaders to help her find alternate understandings of the Scriptures to no avail. The authority of the text spoke undeniably for the Messiahship of Yeshua.

Some have been survivors of the Shoah (the Holocaust), and barely could believe in the God of Israel any longer. One thing they were sure of, Christ and Christianity was against the Jews and they could never forgive! This is the story of Rose Price, who came to know the love of God through her Messiah the Messiah of Israel, Yeshua!

Study the prophecies yourself and ponder the mathematical probability of just one person fulfilling even a few of these specific prophecies. Even more importantly, be intellectually honest and open to truth. Pray. Ask the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob if Yeshua is the Messiah of Israel. He will answer you and lead you into all truth.

Historical Facts

We’ve seen a few important examples of who the Prophets said He would be and who He Himself said He was, and is. But does other evidence exist? How can we be sure He is the Messiah and this isn’t a giant hoax?

Let’s examine a few historical facts:

  1. The historian Josephus wrote about Jesus and His crucifixion in his work, Testimonium Flavianum: “Now there was about this time Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure. He drew over to him both many of the Jews and many of the Gentiles. He was the Christ, and when Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men among us, had condemned him to the cross, those that loved him at the first did not forsake him; for he appeared to them alive again the third day; as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him. And the tribe of Christians so named from him are not extinct to this day.”
  2. His grave was sealed by a Roman official to prevent anyone from stealing His body and creating a resurrection hoax.
  3. Although guarded by the world’s best soldiers, who would be put to death if they fell asleep on watch, the tomb was found to be empty and His wrappings were stacked neatly inside.
  4. Many people saw Him alive after His death.

Biblical Evidence

Statements Yeshua (Jesus) made about Himself:

  • “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.” (Matthew 5:17)
  • “The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.” (Matthew 12:8)
  • “…the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins.” (Mark 2:10, Luke 5:24)
  • “You are right in saying I am [the Son of God].” (Luke 22:70)
  • “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies.” (John 11:25)
  • “I tell you the truth, if anyone keeps my words, he will never see death.” (John 8:51)
  • “No one takes (my life) from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This command I received from my father.” (John 10:18)
  • “My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me. I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one can snatch them out of my hand.” (John 10:27-28)
  • “I and the Father are one.” (John 10:30)
  • “I am the way the truth and the life. No man comes to the father except through me.” (John 14:6)

A Few Verses from the Book of Romans:

Romans 3:23 says not one person is righteous. All have sinned and come short of the glory of God. Everyone is a sinner. No one can make it to Heaven alone. We need help, and that help comes from Yeshua, Jesus.

Romans 6:23 says the wages of sin is death, or separation from God. That means when you sin, you earn death and distance from God.

Romans 10:13 says all who call on the name of the Lord will be saved.

Calling on the Lord is as easy as ABC:

  1. Admit your need and ask God’s forgiveness.
    “There is no one righteous, not even one… for all have sinned and come short of the glory of God.” (Romans 3:23)
  2. Believe in Yeshua and become a child of God by receiving Him into your heart.
    “Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and you shall be saved.” (Acts 16:31)

“For God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life.” (John 3:16)

“To all who receive Him, to those who believed in His name, He gave the right to become children of God.” (John 1:12)

“Behold, I stand at the door and knock: if any man hear My voice, and open the door, I will come in to him and will sup with him, and he with Me.” (Revelation 3:20)

  1. Confess that Jesus is your Lord and commit yourself to Yeshua.
    “If you confess with your mouth, ‘Jesus is Lord,’ and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.” (Romans 10:9)

“For whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.” (Romans 10:13)

Prayer to Accept Yeshua as Messiah

If you want to enter a relationship with Yeshua (Jesus), simply pray this prayer:

“God, I know I am a sinner and I am sorry for the sins I have committed. I know my sins put distance between us and I know I cannot save myself. Only Your Son, Yeshua, can save me and eliminate the distance between us. I believe He is Your Son, who died on the executioner’s stake for my sins and rose from the dead. I receive Him as my Savior and accept Your offer of forgiveness and everlasting life. Thank you, Father. In the Name of Yeshua I pray. Amen.”

Welcome to the family of God! It’s vitally important that you find a local congregation of Believers to ensure that your new life in Yeshua grows.

Find a Messianic congregation

Perhaps you are unconvinced about salvation through Yeshua. But He promised God’s help to anyone who seeks to know the truth. In John 7:17, He said, “If anyone chooses to do God’s will, he will find out whether My teaching comes from God or whether I speak on My own.” Yeshua offers Himself as a gift to anyone who trusts Him. (John 20:24-31) We pray you come to trust Him soon! Please let us know how we can help you in your search for truth.

Jonathan Bernis
A Jewish Believer in Yeshua (Jesus), Jonathan Bernis is President & CEO of Jewish Voice Ministries International (JVMI). Jonathan has worked on the forefront of world evangelism since 1984, taking the Good News of Israel’s Messiah to the far reaches of the earth, to the Jewish People, and also to the Nations.

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